THE HEBREW LUNAR CALENDER לוח שנה ירחית יהודים.

The Jewish months and festivals,,

MONTHS:

1. NISSAN (30 DAYS) SEASON; SPRING
GREGORIAN CALENDAR: MARCH~APRIL

Festival of unleavened bread.
Passover, 15th day commemorates deliverence from Egypt 2nd anniversary. 14th day- Fast of the first borns before passover Day, which us at Sunset. Leviticus 23:5

2. IYAR (29 DAYS) SEASON; SPRING
GREGORIAN CALENDER: APRIL~MAY

Iyar maens “blossom”.
On 5th,The day Ben Gurion, Israels first prime minister declared Israel as a state.

5th, Independence day.
Before Babylonian exile, the month is called Ziv meaning “light” or “glow” 1st Kings 6:1,6:37

HOLIDAYS
7th..Jerusalems walls are rebuilt,are rededicated 88 years after destruction by Nebuchadnezar .

10th….Death of Eli the high priest and his two sons.

11th….Battle of Degania- Israeli army defeated the advancing Syrian Army,following the shelling at the entrance of Deganya which began at Sunrise and lasted 9 hours . The first Israel victory of war of Independence.

14th….Seccond passover- Additional opportunity to offer the Paschal sacrifies, for individuals who were impure on the main passover holiday
Numbers 9:

17th….Jews attack and defeat the Roman garrison in Jerusalem , following the theft of silver from the holy temple.

18th….IDF created

20th….Children of Israel departed their encarpmenr near Mt. Sinai

26th…Six day war begins

28th…Jerusalem conquered during the six day war “Jerusalem Day”

28th….Death of Samuel the prophet,marked Pigliramages to his tomb of the outskirts of Jerusalem.

3. SIVAN (30 DAYS) SEASON; SPRING
GREGORIAN CALENDER : MAY~JUNE

Shavout, Festival of weeks.
Marks the day the Torah was given to the Jewish people at Mt. Sinai.

HOLIDAYS

1st….The waters of the Great Flood begin to recede Genesis 8:3.

4.TAMUZ (30 DAYS) SEASON; SUMMER
GREGORIAN CALENDER: JUNE~JULY

Its the month of the sin of the golden calf , which resulted in Moses breaking the ten commandments .
The name of the month was adapted from the Zodiac sign aptly named Tamuz “hebrew” in English “cancer”.

HOLIDAYS

1st…Joseph is born
3rd…Joshua stops the sun
5th….Ezekiel receives his chariot vision Ezekiel 1:4~26.

9th….Jerusalem walls breached by king Nebuchadnezar, a day observed as a fast day untill the second breaching of Jerusalem’s walls by the Romans on 17th of Tammuz

17th…Golden calf offered by the Jewish people , 40 days after the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai.
The tablets are smashed by Moses.
In 586 BCE the daily sacrifieces at the temple were discontinued. On 70 CE the walls if Jerusalem breached by Rome.
The Roman generall Apostomus burned the Torah and placed an idol in the Holy temple.

5. MENACHEM AV (30 DAYS) SEASON; SUMMER.
GREGORIAN CALENDER: JULY~AUGUST

The month when the Holy Temple was set aflame .
Its the only month not mentioned in the bible.
The month is also known as Menachem Av Hebrew ( comforter of fathers).

HOLIDAYS

1st…Death of Aaron
1st….Ezrah and his followers arrive in Israel .
7th……first temple invaded by Nebuchadnezar.
9th……Holy temple destroyed by the Babylonians and Romans 70 CE

6.ELUL (29 DAYS) SEASON :SUMMER
GREGORIAN CALENDER; AUGUST~SEPTEMBER.

The name was brought from the Babylonian exile and originated from the Akadian word for “harvest”

In Jewish history, Elul is a time of repentance in preparation of the Hihg Holy Days Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

HOLIDAYS

1st…..Moses ascends Sinai for 3rd of the 40 days.
1st……Prophet Hagai commands the rebuilding of the second temple continue.

5th…..Ezekiel has a priphecy of the destruction of the first temple.

10th…..Noah dispatches ravel.
17th……Noah dispatches dove.
23……….Dove brings olive leaf to Noah.

7.TISHREI (30 DAYS) SEASON; AUTUM GREFORIAN CALENDER:SEPTEMBER~OCTOBER.

The second Holist month of the Jewish calender.
1st Festival of trumpets
10th Day of Attonement

HOLIDAYS

8-14 DAY, dedication of Solomons temple begins.

10th….Moses returns from a final trip to Mt.Sinai, bearing a second set of tablets and a message of forgiveness for the Golden calf.

10th……Yom Kippur (fast day)
15~21st….Sukkoth (festival if shelters)
21st.. … .Hashanah Rabah

8.MAR CHESVAN (29 or 30 DAYS)
SEASON :AUTUM
GREGORIAN CALENDER; OCTOBER-NOVEMBER.

The month of the Great Flood.

Chesvan in hebrew means “bitter”, the month has no holidays or fast.

In hebrew bible, before babylonian exile reffers to the month as Bul 1st Kings 6:38.

10th…….Noah and his family enter the Ark.
11th……..Death of Rachel while delivering Benjamin.
17th…….The Great flood begins.
17th…….First temple completed by king Solomon.

9. KISLEV (30 DAYS SOMETIMES 29)
SEASON ; AUTUM
GREGORIAN CALENDER: NOVEMBER-DECEMBER.

THe month of Dreams.

The festival of lights (chanukah)

The name is derived from the Hebrew root K~S.L as in the words “kessel”, “kislah” (hope, positiveness) or “kissil”(orion) a constellation that shines especially in this month,, because of the expectation and hope of rain.

HOLIDAYS

14th…….Birth of Jacob’s son Reuben.
15th……Greeks set up the Abomination of the desolation in the temple. 20th……..Ezra addresses the congregation , a 3 day assembly of Jews in Jerusalem telling them to adhere to the Torah and dissolve intermariage with foreigners.
25th……..Greeks make Pagan sacrifieses in the temple
25th……….the Hanukah miracle.
27th………….Floods ceases according to Genesis 6:8.

10. TEVET (29 DAYS) SEASON; WINTER
GREGORIAN CALENDER:DECEMBER~JANUARY.

Its the month which Esther was crowned Queen of Persia.
Esther 2:16~17

25th Kislev~2nd Tevet…Hanukah.

10th…..Nebuchadnezar 2 army besiege Jerusalem.

11.SHEVAT (30 DAYS)
SEASON ;WINTER
GREGORIAN CALENDER:JANUERY~FEBRUARY.

The New Year of Trees.

15th……Shevat-Tu Bishvat (Related to Sukoth. Begins from 24th January to 25th January.

1st……Moses repeats the Torah .Deutronomy 1:3
2nd……Asher is born.
24th……Zechariah’s prophecy Zechariah 1:7-16.

12. ADAR (29 DAYS)
SEASON :NORTH HEMISPHERE WINTER
SOUTH HEMISPHERE SUMMER
GREGORIAN CALENDER; FEBRUARY~MARCH.

Month if the holyday of the deliverence of the Jewish people in the Ancient Achaemedin empire.

HOLIDAYS

13th…..Fast of Esther.
14……..Adar (2) Purim.
15th…….Shushan Purim ~Celebration of Purim in walled cities existing during the times of Joseph.

1st……..Plague of darkness Exodus 10:23 six weeks before Exodus.

2nd……..Jerusalem’s fall to Nebuchadnezar and Jeconiah is captured.

3rd…….Second temple captured.

13th…….War between Jews and their enemies in Persia Esther 9:1~ 14th……Purim victory celebrated in Persia.
25th……..Death of Nebuchadnezar Jeremiah 52:31.

(souces; wikipedia and others more.)

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